[Urbanstudy] Andhra Pradesh releases master plan for its capital Amaravathi
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Tue May 26 05:18:25 CDT 2015
Andhra Pradesh releases master plan for its capital Amaravathi
Designed by the Singapore govt, Amaravathi city will span 217 sq. km
between Vijayawada and Guntur towns
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N. Chandrababu Naidu, chief minister of Andhra Pradesh. Photo: HT
*Hyderabad:* Andhra Pradesh on Monday released the master plan for
Amaravathi, the proposed state capital that is being built from scratch.
As per the master plan designed by the Singapore government, the capital
city spans an area of 217 sq. km. between Vijayawada and Guntur towns, and
leverages resources of the Krishna river that flows in the region.
Construction of a new capital was necessitated by last year’s bifurcation
of Andhra Pradesh to create a separate state of Telangana, which will take
exclusive possession of Hyderabad in 2024. Till then, Hyderabad will serve
as the joint capital of Telangana and residuary Andhra Pradesh.
The newest capital in the country incorporates the concepts of Vastu and
Feng Shui, the Indian and Chinese sciences of construction, touches three
national highways, and will be fed by seven growth corridors including
those from Hyderabad to Machlipatnam Port and from Chennai to Visakhapatnam.
“This is a good beginning,” Andhra Pradesh chief minister N. Chandrababu
Naidu said at a media briefing on Monday. “A country is coming together to
help with our capital.”
The plan envisages creating 5.6 million jobs in the capital and its
environs that will be home to 13.5 million people by 2050.
“The master plan will guide the development of Amaravathi up to 2050,” said
S. Iswaran, a minister in Singapore Prime Minister’s office and second
minister for trade and industry.
A Singapore government delegation led by Iswaran handed over the document
to the Andhra Pradesh government on Monday, marking the completion of the
second milestone of a three-stage plan.
The Infrastructure Corporation of Andhra Pradesh had inked a memorandum of
understanding (MoU) with International Enterprise Singapore to develop the
master plan for Andhra Pradesh’s capital in three stages.
The master plan for the bigger capital region, spread across 7,420 sq. km
was handed over to the state government on 30 March. The final phase of the
master plan for the seed capital region, covering an area of 8 sq. km where
the secretariat, government offices, residences of the chief minister and
governor, among others will be located, will be handed over on 15 June,
chief minister Naidu said.
The capital city master plan banks heavily on the Krishna river to develop
a water network of over 80km, covering 3% of the total area. Canal parks,
an amphitheatre, island resorts, an island-themed park, and a waterfront
promenade spanning 35km along river Krishna have been proposed, according
to a presentation made by the Singapore government.
Notably, the master plan marks 21% of the total area for a green network.
It also promotes the use of public transport.
“This is a green plan, meaning, it allows for natural assets to be brought
out for people to enjoy. It is green because of its emphasis on public
transportation and not just private transportation and cars,” Iswaran said.
A bus rapid transit system, which can eventually be upgraded to mass rapid
transit network with four lines spanning 135km, is proposed. A transport
hub will be located in the capital’s north-east. Walkways, local waterways
and cycle tracks run along the riverfront. Expressways and semi-expressways
spanning 127km will run across the capital city out of the total road
network of 938km.
“By and large the plan is very good. They have integrated whatever concepts
we had in mind,” said Naidu.
Andhra Pradesh has time till 2024 to build its capital. Till then, the
state government can work out of Hyderabad, the joint capital for Andhra
Pradesh and Telangana.
“Even if we can stay in Hyderabad for 10 years, we want to build the
capital at the earliest,” Naidu said. But he admitted that building a
capital will not happen overnight, and it takes time to finalize
everything, prepare finer details of the buildings that will come up in the
new capital, issue contracts, build a capital and an economy around it.
To sidestep provisions of the Land Acquisition Bill that makes acquisition
of land a costly and difficult affair, the state government opted to
acquire land through land pooling from farmers of the fertile region in one
of the biggest such exercises undertaken in the country. Land owners who
part with their land under the pooling exercise will receive plots of
commercial and residential land in the developed capital.
The government pooled 33,000 acres from farmers under a scheme it announced
last year. Of this 17,000 acres have been handed over, Naidu said.
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