[Urbanstudy] Urbanstudygroup Digest, Vol 110, Issue 19

Ranvir ranvir4u at gmail.com
Fri Aug 29 04:57:28 CDT 2014


I think last year Delhi already did the public consultation for its Master
Plan....
So Mumbai is not the first one...


On Fri, Aug 29, 2014 at 12:54 PM, <urbanstudygroup-request at mail.sarai.net>
wrote:

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> Today's Topics:
>
>    1. How Mumbai created civic history (Vinay Baindur)
>    2. Panel on capital leaves final choice to AP govt. (Vinay Baindur)
>
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> Message: 1
> Date: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 00:31:33 +0530
> From: Vinay Baindur <yanivbin at gmail.com>
> To: the Accomodating City <theaccomodatingcity at googlegroups.com>,
>         Hasire Usiru <hasiruusiru at yahoogroups.com>,     janaravedike
>         <janaravedike-list at janaravedike.org>,   Urban Sarai
>         <urbanstudygroup at sarai.net>
> Subject: [Urbanstudy] How Mumbai created civic history
> Message-ID:
>         <CAOqxRc=1Ai-ugXK25kb=
> cUs14cTZNFuZ2723kAAuHpws38KQTg at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"
>
>
> http://www.dnaindia.com/analysis/standpoint-how-mumbai-created-civic-history-2013509
>
>
>
> How Mumbai created civic history
> Tuesday, 26 August 2014 - 3:10pm IST | Place: Mumbai | Agency: DNA
>
>    -
>
>    Lalitha Kamath <http://www.dnaindia.com/authors/lalitha-kamath>
>    <https://twitter.com/>
>    -
>
>    Marina Joseph <http://www.dnaindia.com/authors/marina-joseph>
>    <https://twitter.com/>
>
>
>
>
>
>    - *RNA Research & Archives*
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
>
>
> August 11, 2014 marked a historic day for urban planning and governance in
> India with Mumbai leading the way. For the first time since Independence, a
> municipal corporation, namely the Municipal Corporation of Greater
> Mumbai? (MCGM),
> initiated public consultations at the ward level during the process of
> preparing the city?s development plan.
>
> A Development Plan (DP), simply put, is a spatial map on which land is
> earmarked for specific purposes in accordance with a particular imagined
> future. In Mumbai, the process and formulation of the DP every 20 years is
> mandated under the Maharashtra Regional & Town Planning Act. What the MCGM
> has done is pioneering because it expands the planning process by opening
> up the new DP (valid from 2014-34) to public participation in the
> preparation stage itself rather than after the final draft has been
> prepared, as specified in the Act. This is to be commended because it
> starts from the premise of what is good planning rather than restricting
> itself to what is specified by our outdated Town Planning Acts.
>
> Since there were no clear precedents for how to conceive of such a public
> participation process, it was a process of ?learning by doing? with the
> MCGM and a number of civil society groups playing a key role in responding
> to and pressuring the other. The MCGM started with opening up the existing
> land use maps to the public for verification in 2012. Thereafter the
> Standing Committee Chairperson took the initiative to call a public meeting
> to discuss the maps. Over the next few months various groups started
> organizing under the banner *Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan Abhiyan* Mumbai.
> This city-wide campaign aimed to bring together research institutions,
> NGOs, CBOs and citizen-activists with the agenda of sustaining the process
> of participation in urban planning. In October 2013 the campaign released
> the People's Vision for Mumbai at Azad Maidan; with the help of the
> Standing Committee Chairperson a contingent from the campaign met the
> Municipal Commissioner to demand for inclusion of this vision in the DP. In
> November, the Municipal Commissioner called for a meeting with a select set
> of invitees to initiate dialogue on the Preparatory Studies. At its
> conclusion, invitees, including campaign members, called for more open and
> deeper public participation. The MCGM agreed to organize a series of 14
> thematic consultations in partnership with various city organizations
> through December 2013 and January 2014.
>
> Thematic discussions enabled deeper understanding on important themes such
> as housing. The campaign played a significant role in building
> understanding on themes that were not traditionally approached within the
> planning discourse, such as issues of informal sector workers and
> indigenous people?s settlements. Thematic meetings also strived to be more
> accessible by holding presentations in Marathi/Hindi, unlike the
> presentation in English at the November meeting. In a bid toward
> transparency, all meetings were recorded by the MCGM.
>
> But in a city as diverse and unequal as Mumbai public participation is best
> achieved at the local level. The recently concluded public consultations at
> the ward level (Aug 11- 21) were an outcome of follow-up and homework done
> by MCGM and campaign groups, and represent a step further in
> institutionalizing mechanisms for public participation in urban planning.
> The ward level consultations had a common format ? two videos were
> screened, one on existing land use and various growth scenarios in the city
> and one on existing status of the ward thus giving city-level context and
> ward-level detail. Suggestions were then invited from the public either
> through speaking out or by noting down which areas require specific
> services in an amenity assessment form.
>
> Despite having a common format, in practice ward consultations have played
> out very differently. Some have resulted in a flood of useful suggestions
> with many people being given a chance to speak while in others submitting
> the assessment form was emphasized. This variation is largely due to the
> different initiative and commitment to genuine participation shown by key
> officials - the Assistant Commissioner of the ward and the DP Officials
> present. Striking differences in issues raised have been observed, with
> class being a clear marker. While poorer wards focus on basic needs
> including schools and health facilities, richer wards are distinguished by
> the amount of time spent discussing parking and roads. Notably, open space
> provision is a concern that cuts across all wards. As for who is
> participating in these ward-level consultations, while this depends on the
> profile of the ward it seems to predominantly be older men. This reflects
> our male-dominated society. Working people also find it hard to participate
> in consultations that are held in the middle of the day (11-2pm).
>
> Reviewing the past two years, the space created for participation seems to
> have enabled a space for expanding organizing around civic issues and for
> social learning that cuts across class, neighborhood, public and private.
> This is important in our increasingly fragmented and polarized city. Two
> factors have been critical for this. First, the process had credibility
> because MCGM was willing to engage in public participation and be
> responsive to concerns raised and this made participation worthwhile for
> people. This political innovation is particularly noteworthy given that
> public institutions are characterized by opaque and non-participatory
> cultures. Second, participants especially poorer ones received support from
> the campaign that helped in coordination and understanding complex and
> contested issues.
>
> Clearly people participated in the DP process seeing it as means to the
> goal of access to land, services and amenities they consider vital;
> therefore, focusing on the process of participation in planning is
> definitely important. However, it is in incorporation of the suggestions
> being put forth that the real test of participation lies. For this to be
> successful, the collaboration between MCGM and city groups needs to expand
> to cover other public agencies and committees that are involved in planning
> for the city.
>
> The MCGM is receiving written suggestions on the DP till September 15th.
> Suggestions can be emailed to dprevision.mcgm at gmail.com
>
>
> *Lalitha Kamath is an Associate Professor with the School of Habitat
> Studies, Tata Institute of Social sciences.Marina Joseph is a Research and
> Advocacy Associate at Youth for Unity and Voluntary action (YUVA) and is a
> member of the Hamara Shehar Vikas Niyojan Abhiyan Mumbai.*
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> ------------------------------
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> Message: 2
> Date: Fri, 29 Aug 2014 12:54:38 +0530
> From: Vinay Baindur <yanivbin at gmail.com>
> To: the Accomodating City <theaccomodatingcity at googlegroups.com>,
>         Urban Sarai <urbanstudygroup at sarai.net>
> Subject: [Urbanstudy] Panel on capital leaves final choice to AP govt.
> Message-ID:
>         <CAOqxRc=0DQ=
> ENVE-mgNeoZ2bT_junPYA3hJwkyJ-RFPoa4d8mw at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"
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>
> http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/panel-on-capital-leaves-final-choice-to-ap-govt/article6357494.ece
>
>
> Panel on capital leaves final choice to AP govt.
> K. VENKATESHWARLU
>
>
> TOPICS
> India <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=81>Andhra Pradesh
> <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=86>
> economy, business and finance
> <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=684>agriculture
> <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=685>business (general)
> <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=692>computing and information
> technology <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=760>construction
> and
> property <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=770>economy (general)
> <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=791>arts, culture and
> entertainment <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=428>economy,
> business and finance <http://www.thehindu.com/topics/?categoryId=684>
> Submits report; avoids pin-pointing one place, suggests half-a-dozen
> options. They preferred development of a string of cities that could be
> business, investment and industrial hubs, the number and size of which
> could be decided at political level.
>
> The Sivaramakrishnan Committee submitted its report to the Union Home
> Ministry on Wednesday and stuck to its mandate of suggesting various
> alternatives for location of the capital of Andhra Pradesh and not one
> place.
>
> It may come as a surprise for the Andhra Pradesh government which had been
> batting for Vijayawada- Guntur region as capital but K. C.
> Sivaramakrishnan, the former secretary of Urban Development, who headed the
> committee, had been repeatedly making it clear that it would only present
> options studying them from various angles from centrality, connectivity,
> availability of land and water and that the final choice was the
> prerogative of the State government/ political leadership.
>
> The committee kept its word of submitting its report much before the
> deadline of August 31. Sources said the committee scrupulously avoided
> pin-pointing one place and suggested half dozen options in the main report
> presented today listing plus and minus points. A supplementary one dealing
> with finances may be sent in a day or two.
>
> By and large the report, the sources said, reflected the general feeling
> among the members who included experts as K. T. Ravindran, Rathin Roy,
> Aromar Revi and Bhanu Joshi that the capital should not be one super city
> serving merely as a political hub. They preferred development of a string
> of cities that could be business, investment and industrial hubs, the
> number and size of which could be decided at political level.
>
> Prof. Ravindran told *The Hindu* that the concept of having one big capital
> was quite outdated and hence the committee looked at a larger development
> landscape of involving more cities and regions. ?We should look at the
> capital as something which will be there for hundreds of years and
> definitely not from short- term perspective. We should look at it from the
> 21 century model of decentralised development.? Asked for his choice of
> Indian city that could be adopted as a model for the capital Andhra
> Pradesh, he said it could be Bhubaneswar. The report was prepared by a
> technical committee of experts after an exhaustive study though the time
> was limited.
> *A challenging task*
>
> Admitting that it was quite challenging to acquire land, he emphasised that
> the committee was not in favour of large-scale takeover over of fertile
> agriculture land as it threatened food security in the long run. In fact
> that was one reason why the committee advocated smaller chunk of land for a
> functional capital and spreading various government offices to different
> cities.
>
> Mr. Sivramakrishnan in his interaction with media persons last month had
> even cited the example of Hyderabad having all the 192 government
> departments in one place and asked: ?Why should it be like that? Where is
> the need for having a department of ports or fisheries here?? he
> questioned, clearly indicating that the panel would pitch for a model of
> dispersed development. The administrative capital could be a place confined
> to two or three critical functions of running the affairs of the State, he
> added and the report, the sources said, reflected the concept.
>
> Keywords: Sivaramakrishnan Committee on Capital
> <
> http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/panel-on-capital-leaves-final-choice-to-ap-govt/article6357494.ece#
> >
> , Andhra Pradesh
> <
> http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/panel-on-capital-leaves-final-choice-to-ap-govt/article6357494.ece#
> >
> , leaves it to political bosses
> <
> http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/panel-on-capital-leaves-final-choice-to-ap-govt/article6357494.ece#
> >
> , does not specify one city
> <
> http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Hyderabad/panel-on-capital-leaves-final-choice-to-ap-govt/article6357494.ece#
> >
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> End of Urbanstudygroup Digest, Vol 110, Issue 19
> ************************************************
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-- 
-Regards

*Dr.Ranvir Singh*
*South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED), *
*BE-14A, DDA Flats, Munirka, New Delhi-110067, **India *
*Phone: -91-11-26101580 *
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